Scientific Name:Taraxacum officinale  
Vernacular Name:Pissenlit or Dent-de-lion
Family name :Asteraceae
Geographic Distribution:Lawns, roadsides, disturbed banks and shores of water ways and other ares with moist soils, 1800-2000 m

Botanical Description

Taraxacum officinale is  a flowering herbaceous perennial plant. It grows from an unbranched taperoots and produce one to more than ten stems that are typically 5-40 cm tall. The stems can be tinted  purplish, they are upright or lax, and produce flower heads that are held as tall or taller than the foliage. The foliage may be upright growing or horizontally spreadind, the leaves have petioles that are either winged or narrowly winged. The stems can be glabrous, or sparsely covered with  short hairs. Plants have milky latex and the leaves are all basal, each flowering stemm lacks bracts and one single flower  head. The yellow flower heads lack receptacle bracts  and all the florets, are ligulate and bisexual. The leaves are 5-45 cm long and 1-10 cm wide and are oblanceolate, oblong, or obovate in shape, with the base gradually narrowing to the petiole. The leaf margins are typically shallowly lobed to deeply lobed and often laThe leaf margins are typically shallowly lobed to deeply lobed and often lacerate or toothed  with sharp or dull teeth. The florets 40 to over 100 per head. Heaving corollas that are yellow or orane yellow in color. The fruits are cypselae

Medicinal Use

The dried root once used as a tonic, (a substance with medicinal properties intended to restore or invigorate).

Aperient, cholagogue, depurative, diuretic, hypoglycaemic, laxative, stomachic, tonic and wart. Empiric traditional application to treat digestive disorders, health promoting properties of either  dandelionextract from leaves or roots are anti-inflammatory, anti-caricinogenic, and anti-oxidative activities

Other Use

Compost, cosmetic, dye, fruit, ripening, latex and miscellany, the flowers are used to make dandelion wine. The leaves are eaten

Other Plants